French Object Pronouns

A pronoun is simply a word that substitutes for a noun. The French object pronouns are called so because they are used instead of the object in a sentence. There are two types of object pronouns in French, depending on which object the pronoun replaces—direct object pronouns and indirect object pronouns. Let's take a look at them in more detail.

1. Direct object pronouns

Direct object pronouns are used in place of a person, place, thing or idea which the subject is acting upon. In other words, these pronouns receive the action of the verb. Let's look at the examples:

  • (Elodie) I like Elodie. --> I like her.
  • (A book) He is reading a book. --> He is reading it.
  • (Pictures) The artist paints pictures. --> The artist paints them.

Here's the list of direct object pronouns in French:

me (m') — me

te (t') — you

le (l') — him, it

la (l') — her, it

nous — us

vous — you

les — them

2. Indirect object pronouns

Indirect object pronouns refer to a person towards whom the action of the verb is being performed. This includes the people to whom (for whom) the subject of the sentence is doing something. Take a look at the examples:

  • He talks to the students. --> He talks to them.
  • I bought a gift for Amélie. --> I bought a gift for her.
  • Please, give it to John. --> Please, give it to him.

Here's the list of indirect object pronouns in French:

me (m')  — me

te (t') — you

lui — him, her

nous — us

vous — you

leur — them