HomeVocabulary1000 Most Common French Words

1000 Most Common French Words

When starting to learn French, it is always a good idea to memorize the most common words first. This will enable you to understand many more situations than if you were leaning your French vocabulary from random sources. Here's the list of most common French words along with their English translation. Note that some words in the list perform a similar function and can be grouped into a single entry with a higher combined rank. These words include:

de and d' -- translated as of, from, by, than, in, with. Combining them brings de/d' to the second position in the list.
un, une
and des -- the French equivalents for a, an and some
le, la, l' and les -- the French equivalents for the
mon, ma and mes -- the French equivalents for my
t' and te -- the French equivalents for you, yourself

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Most Used French words 1-50

Rank Audio__ French word English translation Part of speech
1.

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être to be; being verb, auxiliary verb, noun
2.

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avoir to have verb, auxiliary verb
3.

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je I personal pronoun
4.

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de of, from, by, than, in, with (see #28) preposition
5.

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ne not adverb
6.

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pas not; step, pace adverb, noun
7.

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le the; him, it (refering to a masculine singular noun) (see #8, 15, 18) definite article, personal pronoun
8.

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la the; her, it (refering to a feminine singular noun) (see #7, 15, 18) definite article, personal pronoun
9.

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tu you personal pronoun
10.

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vous you, yourself personal pronoun
11.

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il he, it personal pronoun
12.

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et and conjunction
13.

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à in, to, with preposition
14.

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un a, an; one (used before a masculine singular noun) (see #26, 31) indefinite article
15. --- l' the (used instead of ''le'' or ''la'' before nouns that begin with a vowel) (see #7, 8, 18) definite article, personal pronoun
16.

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qui who, whom; that, which relative pronoun, interrogative pronoun
17.

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aller to go verb
18.

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les the; them (referring to a plural noun) (see #7, 8, 15) definite article, personal pronoun
19.

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en in, into, to, as preposition, personal pronoun, adverb
20.

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ça this, that (see #203) demonstrative pronoun
21.

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faire to do, make verb
22.

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tout all, everything, any; very, quite adjective, indefinite adjective, indefinite pronoun, adverb, noun
23.

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on we, you personal pronoun
24.

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que that; what; which relative pronoun, interrogative pronoun
25.

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ce this, that (see #73, 99, 201) demonstrative pronoun, demonstrative adjective
26.

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une a, an; one (used before a feminine singular noun); french.languagedaily.com (see #14, 31) indefinite article
27.

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mes my (used before plural nouns) (see #50, 108) possessive adjective
28. --- d' of, from, by, than, in, with (used before a vowel or mute h) (see #4) preposition
29.

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pour for preposition
30.

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se himself, herself, themselves (see #60) personal pronoun
31.

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des some (used before a plural noun) (see #14, 26) indefinite article
32.

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dire to say, tell verb, noun
33.

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pouvoir can, to be able to verb, noun
34.

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vouloir to want verb
35.

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mais but conjunction
36.

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me me, myself personal pronoun
37.

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nous we, us personal pronoun
38.

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dans in, into preposition
39.

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elle she, it (refers to a feminine singular noun) personal pronoun
40.

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savoir to know; languagedaily dot com verb
41.

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du (de + le/les) = of the, from the definite article
42.

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where, that relative pronoun, interrogative pronoun
43. --- y it, there personal pronoun
44. --- t' you, yourself (shortened form used before a vowel) personal pronoun
45.

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bien well, very; good adverb, noun
46.

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voir to see verb
47.

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plus more adverb
48.

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non no adverb
49.

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te you, yourself personal pronoun
50.

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mon my (used before a masculine singular noun) (see #27, 108) possessive adjective

 

We are aware of French lists that rank 'de' as the most frequently occurring word. The position of words varies from one frequency list to another.This list ranks lemmas according to the body of movie sub-titles. An alternative ranking of lemmas according to the corpus of books would bring slightly different results.

 

The frequency list is based on original work of Boris New, Christophe Pallier, 2001 L'équipe de Lexique. The voice is by Vion Nicolas, a speaker from Région Parisienne, living in Paris. Audio copyright © Vion Nicolas 2006 CC-BY.

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Index of most common French words